Chronic gum inflammation or periodontal disease is among the plagues that harm the oral health. Nowadays, dentists mostly deal with periodontal consultations since 70% of the adult population suffer from the many warning signs and effects of a gum problem. This disease involves the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. If left untreated, it may cause gingivitis and periodontitis and may lead to loss of permanent teeth in both children and adults.
Gingivitis vs. Periodontitis
Although closely related, Canyon Dental Clinic and other dental professionals say that gingivitis and periodontitis are different.
The symptoms of gingivitis are swelling, redness, and bleeding in the gums. Although these symptoms may cause you to worry, there’s not much discomfort in the early stages of this disease. People who smoke cigarettes, suffer from chronic stress or poor nutrition, or diagnosed with diabetes and other diseases of the immune system are predisposed to gingivitis.
Periodontitis, on the other hand, is an advanced form of gingivitis. The plague that grows below the gumline supports bacterial growth. These produce toxins, which eventually work they way into the bone and soft tissues and destroying them. If this goes on, the affected teeth will loosen at the socket and it may be too late to save them.
Causes and Treatment of Periodontal Disease
Bacteria are the primary cause of gingivitis and periodontitis. The plaque that forms into tartar harbors bacterial growth. Before the microorganisms cause irreversible damage, you should consult a dentist. Gum disease is treatable, especially in the early stages. You can prevent loss of teeth — or in worst cases, loss of soft tissue and bone — if you pay attention to its signs and symptoms.
Dental clinics are fully equipped to deal with different types of gum disease. As soon as you notice redness and swelling, don’t wait for too long to visit a dentist. Keep regular appointments to prevent excessive plaque formation and maintain oral health.