Gum Disease and Your Child: Know the Risk Factors and Causes

Dental Health in UtahContrary to what most people believe, children can get gum disease too. While many kids are suffering from gum disease or periodontal disease, it’s often left unattended – mostly since some children are also suffering from other severe illnesses. This is the reason as a parent you need to know the risk factors and causes to come up with an effective treatment plan.

Here are some of them:

  • Poor oral hygiene habits – Many children don’t know how to brush their teeth properly and this might lead to plaque buildup, which can then result in gum inflammation or gingivitis.
  • Teeth shedding and eruption – Plaque buildup gets worse when children shed their milk teeth and when their permanent teeth develops. Brushing will be more difficult due to pain and discomfort.
  • Malnourishment – Dental professional Canyon Dental Clinic explains that tongue and gum inflammation are common in children with chronic vitamin B complex, folic acid, and iron deficiencies.
  • Oral infections – These include bacterial or viral infections such as herpetic gingivostomatitis and oral candidiasis in HIV-positive children.
  • Maintenance medications – These include some immunosuppressive therapy medications for asthma and other conditions, as well as antiepileptic medicines. A gum disease specialist in Santaquin suggests you speak with your child’s doctor for alternative medications whenever possible.
  • Puberty – Hormonal changes during puberty causes increased gum sensitivity, which may also affect children’s response to corticosteroids. As a result, their risk of developing gum disease increases.
  • Poor oral habits – This includes mouth breathing that if not dealt with might result in gingivitis, as well as abnormal dental and facial development.
  • Specific systemic diseases, disorders, and conditions – When a child has advanced gum disease, it’s usually an indication of disease or disorder somewhere in the body. These include diabetes, congenital heart disease, and blood diseases such as leukemia, aplastic anemia, and hemophilia, disorders such as cerebral palsy, Autism, and Down syndrome, as well as conditions like cleft palate and lip.

Knowing and understanding how and why gum disease can develop in children is only half the battle. It’s crucial that your child establishes and practices proper oral healthcare for gum disease prevention, most especially if your child is diagnosed with a systemic illness. Regular dental visits are likewise important for early diagnosis and treatment.