The heart is one of the most essential organs of the human body. Its main function is to pump blood to all parts of the body through the circulatory system. By doing this, the heart not only supplies tissues with oxygen and nutrients but it also helps in the removal of metabolic wastes from the body.
There are many types of heart problems:
- Coronary artery diseases
- Congenital heart diseases
- Atrial fibrillation
- Heart valve diseases
- Heart rhythm disorders
- Heart murmurs
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Restrictive cardiomyopathy
- Dilated cardiomyopathy
- Pericardial effusion
- Congestive heart failures
- Marfan syndrome
Today, heart disease is the leading culprit behind the increasing number of deaths among men and women in the United States alone. That’s one out of four deaths annually.
Moreover, between 2011 and 2013, studies have shown the most common type of heart disease that killed around 370,000 Americans is no other than the coronary heart disease.
Who is at Risk?
People who have an unhealthy diet, lack physical activity, and smoke and drink excessively are at high risk of having a heart disease. Practices like these eventually lead to more complications such as obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and diabetes.
Cardiac catheterization, otherwise known as “cardiac cath,” is made of a small tube inserted through the blood vessels found in the arm or groin. Then the tube will pass through the aorta going into the heart. As soon as the catheter is in place, several diagnostic procedures will be done immediately.
The main purpose of this is to further evaluate these conditions. There are possible risks, like infection and bleeding, when dealing with invasive procedures. Always pay attention to the insertion site for the presence of swelling, unusual discoloration, and change of temperature around the site.
It’s also important to inform the doctor immediately if you experience chest pain, dizziness, vomiting, fainting, fever, chills, and persistent swelling. Veniti adds that any signs of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) must also be reported as soon as possible. PTS is a common problem that usually happens after cardiac catheterization, especially among children.