Common Thyroid Gland Illness and Their Clinical Presentation

Thyroid Gland ProblemThe thyroid gland may develop problems, which lead to an abnormal synthesis of hormones. If the production of hormones is dysfunctional, the problem may not arise directly from the gland itself. The hypothalamus, a part of the brain, is the mastermind of thyroid hormone production. Meanwhile, the pituitary gland regulates hormone production so the problem may arise there as well.


Goiter is one of the most common problems associated with the thyroid gland. It presents with an obvious presentation — an enlarged gland that bulges out of the neck. It is big enough to be noticeable. A goiter is a symptom of a number of different problems with the gland, including benign tumor growth, hypothyroidism, or hyperthyroidism.

Deficiency in iodine is the known cause, which makes the problem easy enough to manage. It affects people of all ages, but manifests more in women over the age of 40 years. In Provo, surgeons routinely remove enlarged glands, especially when the growth starts to compress other structures in the neck.

Hashimoto’s disease

Hypothyroidism is the clinical presentation of Hashimoto’s disease. Middle-aged women are the most at risk for this disease, which is also known as chronic lymphatic thyroiditis. It is an autoimmune disease, which involves damage to the gland brought on by the body’s own immune cells. Mild illness does not present with obvious symptoms.

Those suffering from this condition have dry skin, are intolerant to cold, often fatigued, and may suffer from depression. Treatment outcomes are excellent for those who have access to hormone replacement therapy, says

Grave’s disease

Grave’s disease or Basedow’s disease is also an autoimmune disorder, which manifests with symptoms of hyperthyroidism. The condition may present with goiter, as well as palpitations, weight loss, anxiety, muscle weakness, and bulging eyes.

Illnesses of the thyroid typically manifest with overproduction or underproduction of hormones thyroid management involves regulation of hormone secretion. Learn about thyroid problems so that you can be an active part of the medical management.